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Authors

  1. Erkut, Zeynep PhD, RN
  2. Mutlu, Birsen PhD, RN
  3. Cak[latin dotless i]c[latin dotless i], Meltem MSc, RN

Abstract

The purpose of this randomized controlled study was to determine the effect of 3 positions given to preterm infant during heelstick procedure on the pain and durations of crying and procedure. The sample of the study consisted of 90 preterm infants (30 in each group). The heelstick procedure was video recorded. Data from the pain scores, durations of crying, and procedure were collected watching the video recordings. It was determined that the pain mean score of the infants in the control group (supine on the crib) (5.50 +/- 2.13) was statistically significantly higher than that of the infants in the positions of upright (3.00 +/- 2.17) and supine on the lap (3.20 +/- 2.46) (P < .01), and there was no difference between the positions of upright and supine on the lap (P > .05). Giving the positions of upright or supine on the lap during heelstick is effective in reducing pain, shortening the duration of crying, and calming down the infant. Heelstick in the position of upright on the lap shortened the procedure duration and allowed the infants to be subjected to less painful procedure. It is recommended for nurses to take the preterm infants on their laps during heel lancing and give them the upright position, in particular.