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carative, curative, death and dying, end-of-life, Freire, holistic care, hospice, oppression, palliative care



  1. Dobratz, Marjorie C. DNSc, RN


This article overviews the holistic, hospice, and palliative care models as they relate to end-of-life (EOL) care outcomes. Freire's model of overcoming oppression, which builds on Hegel's philosophical approach, is used as a framework for raising nurses' awareness of end-of-life issues. Concerns that require critical dialogue, as well as questions that warrant discussion, are posited.