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Authors

  1. Sanguinetti, Jose Maria MD, PhD
  2. Martinez, Daniel MD
  3. Dimase, Federico MD
  4. Streich, Guillermo MD
  5. Castro, Paola BSC
  6. Vega, Victoria RND
  7. Batagelj, Emilio MD

Abstract

Chemotherapy is increasingly being administered in patients' homes, improving quality of life and patient comfort as well as reducing use of inpatient facilities and costs. This article describes outcomes of home chemotherapy administered by trained nurses to adult patients with solid tumors or hematological diseases. This descriptive study was conducted between February 2018 and May 2020. Variables examined included age, sex, diagnosis, routes of administration, adverse effects, tolerance, and patient satisfaction. One hundred forty-seven patients (57.14% male) with an average age of 67.8 years agreed to participate. A total of 1018 chemotherapy sessions were examined. The most common diagnoses were prostate cancer, colon cancer, and high-risk myelodysplastic syndromes. Thirty-five percent (n = 356) of the sessions were conducted with: Azacytidine, 5-Fluoruracil, Oxaliplatin + Docetaxel + Leucovorin + Fluorouracil, and Leuprolide Acetate. The routes of administration included: intravenous (69.25%), intramuscular (13.75%), subcutaneous (15.32%), and intravesical (1.66%). Very good tolerance was reported after 87.81% of sessions and good after 8.45%. Adverse events during administration occurred in 7 sessions (0.7%); all were considered minor events. In the 24 hours following administration, 62 adverse events (6.1%) were reported, again all considered minor. All patients reported feeling just as safe as in the hospital. Our results contribute to the feasibility and safety of home chemotherapy.