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advance care planning, advance directive, Chinese American, education, end of life



  1. Ye, Ping DNP, APRN
  2. Champion, Jane Dimmitt PhD, DNP
  3. Fry, Liam MD, CMD


At any time, a medical crisis could result in an individual too sick to make one's own health care decisions. Advance care planning (ACP) is an important step to ensure that each person receives the medical care desired. Despite its significant importance and proven benefits, the completion rate for advance directive is approximately one-third among the general population in the United States and lower among Chinese Americans. This study explored Chinese Americans' knowledge and attitudes about ACP following completion of a web-based culturally tailored health education program. Ninety-six individuals completed the study between October 1 and December 31, 2020. Prestudy-poststudy outcomes measured included the Advance Directive Knowledge Survey and Advance Directive Attitude Scale administered before and after completion of the education program. Each measure has 9 questions and 16 questions, respectively. Participants' Advance Directive Knowledge Survey scores (pre: mean, 6.04 [SD, 2.28]; post: mean, 8.75 [SD, 0.53]; P < .01) and Advance Directive Attitude Scale scores (pre: mean, 47.31 [SD, 5.69]; post: mean, 53.59 [SD, 4.37]; P < .01) increased significantly following program completion. Findings indicated feasibility for integration of web-based technology and culturally tailored approaches to promote ACP knowledge and attitudes among Chinese Americans.