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  1. Saritas, Serdar PhD
  2. Ozdemir, Ahmet PhD


Inadequate immunosuppressive therapy causes rejection, whereas an overdose may lead to infections or malignancy to affect a patient's life and comfort. This study used a descriptive correlational design to determine how compliance with immunosuppressive therapy affected the well-being of liver transplant patients. The study was conducted in the liver transplant unit of a university hospital with 103 patients who underwent liver transplant surgery. The target population included patients who received treatment in liver transplant clinics between July 2016 and August 2017. Mean age of the patients in the study was 44.66 +/- 14.86 years and the time after transplant was 15.48 +/- 16.90 months on the average. A significant difference was found between mean General Comfort Scale scores according to the variable of adherence status (t = 6.898, p < .05). Simple linear regression analysis showed a positive moderate, significant correlation between the adherence variable and mean General Comfort Scale scores (R = 0.543, p < .001). It was found that the patients who adhered to immunosuppressive therapy experienced higher levels of comfort. Therefore, arrangements to improve patient adherence to therapy, hence comfort, are recommended, as well as periodic evaluations of patient comfort levels.