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advance care planning, AIDS, elderly, preference, qualitative study, the theory of planned behavior



  1. Yang, Zhen MSN, RN
  2. Chen, Ping MSN, RN
  3. Hou, Bailing MSN, RN
  4. Zhang, Huijun PhD, RN


Complications arising from human immunodeficiency virus may affect the ability of elderly AIDS patients to communicate and make decisions about future medical care. It is important for elderly AIDS patients to be able to express effectively their preferences for future treatments and care. This study explored preferences and influencing factors of advance care planning among elderly AIDS patients. A semistructured interview outline was developed based on the theory of planned behavior. A qualitative preference interview was conducted among 16 eligible elderly AIDS patients. Using thematic analysis, the data were analyzed and categorized into 3 themes and 9 subthemes that were classified under the theory of planned behavior framework. The 3 themes were as follows: a positive attitude toward advance care planning, a strong desire for family and social support, and some obstacles to discussing advance care planning in the current environment. These themes provided valuable insights to advance care planning educators and practitioners from different work environments and units to aid them in constructing future ACP intervention models for elderly AIDS patients.