Buy this Article for $10.95

Have a coupon or promotional code? Enter it here:

When you buy this you'll get access to the ePub version, a downloadable PDF, and the ability to print the full article.


  1. Standard, Venus MSN, CNM, APRN, FACNM, LCCE, CD(DONA)
  2. Jones-Beatty, Kimberly DNP, MSN, CNM
  3. Joseph-Lemon, Lodz MSN, MPH, CNM
  4. Marcelle, Ebony DNP, CNM, FACNM
  5. Morris, Charlotte E. DNP, CNM, FACNM
  6. Williams, Trinisha MPH, CM, LM, LCCE, FACCE
  7. Brown, Tracie MSN, CNM
  8. Oura, Haley Shizuka BS, MPH
  9. Stapleton, Susan DNP, CNM
  10. Jolles, Diana R. PhD, CNM


Background: Progesterone has been the standard of practice for the prevention of preterm birth for decades. The drug received expedited Food and Drug Administration approval, prior to the robust demonstration of scientific efficacy.


Methods: Prospective research from the American Association of Birth Centers Perinatal Data Registry, 2007-2020. Two-tailed t tests, logistic regression, and propensity score matching were used.


Results: Midwifery-led care was underutilized by groups most at risk for preterm birth and was shown to be effective at maintaining low preterm birth rates. The model did not demonstrate reliable access to progesterone. People of color are most at risk of preterm birth, yet were least likely to receiving progesterone treatment. Progesterone was not demonstrated to be effective at decreasing preterm birth when comparing the childbearing people with a history of preterm birth who used the medication and those who did not within this sample.


Conclusions: This study adds to the body of research that demonstrates midwifery-led care and low preterm birth rates. The ineffectiveness of progesterone in the prevention of preterm birth among people at risk was demonstrated.