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calling, education, mixed-methods research, nursing, undergraduate, vocation



  1. Petersen, Cheryl L.
  2. Munk, Dennis D.
  3. Dalton, Daniel


ABSTRACT: The aim of this study was to assess if an evidence-based educational program focused on vocation and calling could improve undergraduate nursing students' sense of meaning in life and sense of calling/vocation. Using a mixed-methods, quasi-experimental design, a statistically significant increase occurred in sense of meaning in life and calling/vocation. Qualitative responses revealed growth in self-knowledge, importance of individual pathways, and recognition of nursing as one's calling. Courses on calling may encourage nursing students to commit to nursing as a calling.