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Authors

  1. Yu, Lebing BSN, RN
  2. Lin, Chenli PhD, MD
  3. Chen, Xinhe
  4. Teng, Yuxin BSN, RN
  5. Zhou, Shuang BSN, RN
  6. Liang, Yinji PhD, MD, RN

Abstract

Nonalcoholic fatty liver disease is a type of metabolic disease, and recent research indicates that it may be associated with sleep disorders. We conducted a meta-analysis of current studies to estimate the associations between nonalcoholic fatty liver disease and sleep situation, including sleep duration, daytime sleepiness, and sleep disorder. This study follows the checklist of the Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic reviews and Meta-Analyses (PRISMA). Articles in the recent 10 years were searched from five databases. Eighteen articles, which met the eligibility criteria, were included in this meta-analysis. The results show that patients with nonalcoholic fatty liver disease have a shorter sleep duration and higher Epworth Sleepiness Scale score. Patients with short sleep duration (<=6 hours per night) or with obstructive sleep apnea have a higher risk of nonalcoholic fatty liver disease. In conclusion, there is a significant association between nonalcoholic fatty liver disease and sleep disorders in the included studies. In addition, patients with nonalcoholic fatty liver disease may have more severe daytime sleepiness and shorter sleep duration. More attention should be paid to the sleep situation of nonalcoholic fatty liver disease patients to potentially slow the disease progression.