1. O'Shea, Amy M. J. PhD
  2. Haraldsson, Bjarni MS
  3. Shahnazi, Ariana F. PhD
  4. Sterling, Ryan A. PhD
  5. Wong, Edwin S. PhD
  6. Kaboli, Peter J. MD, MS


Primary care providers (PCPs), including physicians and advanced practice providers, are the front line of medical care. Patient access must balance PCP availability and patient needs. This work develops a new PCP staffing metric using panel size and full-time equivalent data to determine whether a clinic is adequately staffed and describes variation by clinic rurality. Data were from the Veterans Health Administration, 2017-2021. Results describe the gap staffing metric, provide summary graphics, and compare the gap staffing between rural and urban clinics. This novel gap staffing metric can inform strategic clinic staffing in health care systems.