1. McKinney, Amanda DNP, CPNP-AC
  2. Steanson, Kimberly DNP, CPNP-AC
  3. Lebar, Kiersten DNP, CPNP-AC, MMHC


Background: Ultrasound-guided imagery to obtain peripheral intravenous (USGIV) access is a technique that can be used to increase successful peripheral intravenous catheter insertion rates. Improving rates of USGIV use will subsequently decrease central venous catheter use and thus decrease the time to treatment initiation, reduce costs, and improve patient satisfaction.


Purpose: Current available programs teach nurses USGIV use for the adult population, mainly with a focus on the emergency department. To address this gap in knowledge, a USGIV program aimed at the specific needs of the neonatal intensive care unit (NICU) nurse was developed and implemented.


Method: Twelve NICU nurses were trained in USGIV access during a 4-hour combination didactic and simulation-based program. Participants took a pretest survey assessing baseline knowledge and confidence levels related to USGIV access. After didactic lecture, participants worked at stations focused on USGIV access. An 80% benchmark for each participant was set for successful USGIV attempts during simulation. Participants' knowledge and confidence levels were reassessed at the end of the program.


Results: Posttest scores increased by an average of 25%, demonstrating increased knowledge. The pre- to posttest confidence scores increased by a minimum of 1.6 points (based on a 5-point Likert scale). All participants (n = 12) successfully demonstrated proficiency by achieving at least 80% of attempted USGIV access on a mannequin.


Implications for Practice and Research: This project demonstrated that USGIV catheter can be employed in neonatal patients by training NICU nurses in USGIV techniques.