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  1. Sykora, Laura Addison DNP, RN, FNP-C
  2. Yoder, Angela Collins PhD, RN, CCNS, ACNS-BC, SCRN
  3. Richards, William O. MD, FACS


A correlation of health disparities, socioeconomic barriers, and health literacy were hypothesized as causative factors of poor weight loss, weight regain, and loss to clinical follow-up in postbariatric patients. This study explored nurse practitioner-led interventions to address health disparities and improve outcomes. This pilot project evaluated 3-month weights of an intervention cohort as compared with a retrospective cohort. The intervention cohort received a weekly educational phone call from the clinical nurse practitioner. Quantitative data based on 3-month weights reveal an average excess body weight percentage lost at the 3-month postoperative clinical visit (36.54 +/- 0.11, p = .2929) in the retrospective cohort (n = 30) as compared with the intervention cohort (n = 30; 33.46 +/- 0.11, p = .2929). Participants responding to the barriers screening tool did not correspond with the actual needs represented by the population. Food access and transportation were leading factors affecting weight loss. This project revealed implications including the need for development of bariatric-specific social needs assessments, the need to explore telehealth as a modality to improve patient education, the need to modify education to overcome deficits in health literacy. Findings also validate the role of the nurse practitioner as a leader of multidisciplinary care teams.