Focus On: Human Trafficking

Page reviewed and updated: January 2023

The U.S. Department of Homeland Security defines human trafficking as “the use of force, fraud, or coercion to obtain some type of labor or commercial sex act.” While there are many misconceptions, it’s important to remember that human trafficking can occur in any community to any person of any age, race, gender, or nationality. Nurses are on the front lines of health care and we have a responsibility to stay informed on this global issue so that we can recognize victims, collaborate with law enforcement and other professionals, and ensure safe and effective care.

CE COLLECTION: Human Trafficking

NCPD Human Trafficking
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January is National Slavery and Human Trafficking Prevention Month. Here's a new collection related to human trafficking to increase your knowledge and improve patient care. 


Confusing Terms: A Concept Analysis of Naming Youth Trafficking
Journal of Forensic Nursing, July/September 2022

Sex Trafficking: A Literature Review With Implications for Health Care Providers
Advanced Emergency Nursing Journal, July/September 2022

NCPD Human Trafficking in Rehabilitation: What Nurses Need to Know
Rehabilitation Nursing Journal, January/February 2022

NCPD Mental Health Problems Among Youth Experiencing Sex Trafficking 
Nursing2021, March 2021
NCPD Child Labor Trafficking Essentials for Forensic Nurses
Journal of Forensic Nursing, October/December 2020
NCPD Child Trafficking Victims in Pediatric Surgical Environments: Implications for Nursing Care and Advocacy
Journal of Pediatric Surgical Nursing, October/December 2020
Clinical Nurse Leaders Address a Call to Action on Human Trafficking
Journal of Nursing Care Quality, July/September 2020
Clinical Nurses: Leading Through the Complexity of Human Trafficking
Nursing Administration Quarterly, July/September 2020
Using Sexual Assault Training to Improve Human Trafficking Education
Nursing2020, May 2020

Characteristics and Healthcare Needs of Women Who Are Trafficked for Sex in the United States: An Integrative Literature Review
Journal of Forensic Nursing, January/March 2020
Recognizing Victims of a Hidden Crime: Human Trafficking Victims in Your Pediatric Trauma Bay
Journal of Trauma Nursing, January/February 2020

Human Trafficking: Important Facts & Potential Indicators [Infographic]
Lippincott NursingCenter, January 2020

Human Sex Trafficking
Topics in Obstetrics & Gynecology, July 2019

Using Survivors' Voices to Guide the Identification and Care of Trafficked Persons by U.S. Health Care Professionals: A Systematic Review
Advanced Emergency Nursing Journal, July/September 2019
NCPD Commercial Sexual Exploitation of Children: An Update for the Forensic Nurse
Journal of Forensic Nursing, June 2019
NCPD Hidden in Plain Sight: A Guide to Human Trafficking for Home Healthcare Clinicians
Home Healthcare Now
September/October 2018
NCPD Update: What Nurses Need to Know About Human Trafficking
Journal of Christian Nursing

January/March 2018

NCPD Identification and Management of Human Trafficking Victims in the Emergency Department
Advanced Emergency Nursing Journal

January/March 2017
NCPD The Anatomy of Human Trafficking: Learning About the Blues: A Healthcare Provider's Guide
Journal of Forensic Nursing

April/June 2016
NCPD Helping Human Trafficking Victims In Our Backyard
Journal of Christian Nursing

January/March 2012