Awareness of current research is a big component of staying up to date in nursing and healthcare and providing evidence-based care. Here’s a look at a selection of the latest studies and practice-changing recommendations.
Greater Nurse Staffing Tied to Better Sepsis Outcomes
JAMA Health Forum
Jeannie P. Cimiotti, Ph.D., from Emory University in Atlanta, and colleagues assessed whether registered nurse workload was associated with mortality in Medicare beneficiaries admitted to an acute care hospital with sepsis. An increase in registered nurse hours per patient day was associated with a 3 percent decrease in 60-day mortality.
Guidelines & Recommendations
Updates Issued for Standards of Medical Care in Diabetes
In a supplemental issue of Diabetes Care,
the American Diabetes Association has published updates to the new Standards of Medical Care in Diabetes - 2022.
Updates include changes to section 10, which addresses cardiovascular disease and risk management, and section 11, which addresses chronic kidney disease and risk management. The recent updates offer information regarding the effects of finerenone on cardiovascular outcomes for people with type 2 diabetes and chronic kidney disease and the effects of sodium glucose cotransporter 2 inhibitors on heart failure and renal outcomes among people with type 2 diabetes. New information was also included on calculating estimated glomerular filtration rates and the inclusion of race in the diagnosis of kidney disease.
Using New Guidelines Would Increase Diabetes Screening Eligibility
Implementing the new changes in U.S. Preventive Services Task Force (USPSTF) and American Diabetes Association (ADA) diabetes screening guidelines would increase screening eligibility among U.S. adults, according to a research letter published in the Journal of the American Medical Association.
Guideline Updated for Use of Radiation for Brain Metastases
In a clinical practice guideline issued by the American Society for Radiation Oncology and published 6 in Practical Radiation Oncology
, updated recommendations are presented regarding the use of radiation for treating brain metastases. The updated guideline discusses advanced radiation therapy techniques and places emphasis on multidisciplinary care.
Focus on Artificial Intelligence (AI)
AI May Help Detect Breast Cancer in Mammography Screening Program
An artificial intelligence (AI) system can help detect breast cancer in a population-based mammography screening program, according to a study published in Radiology.
AI Aids Assessment of Indeterminate Pulmonary Nodules on CT
Use of computer-aided diagnosis (CAD) improves estimation of malignancy risk for indeterminate pulmonary nodules (IPNs) on chest computed tomography (CT) scans, according to a study published in Radiology.
Most Patients Have Positive Views About AI in Medicine
Most patients have positive views about the ability of artificial intelligence (AI) to improve care but have concerns about unintended consequences, according to a research letter published in JAMA Network Open.