Clinical Update: Nail Disorders

Nail disorders make up about 10 percent of all dermatological conditions. Signs and symptoms of nail disorders include discoloration, changes in the shape of the nail, swelling of surrounding skin, thinning or thickening of the nails, and bleeding. Changes to the nails can also be a sign of systemic disease, including lung, heart, kidney and liver diseases; diabetes; and anemia.

About half of all nail disorders are caused by fungal infections. Melanomas can also grow under the nail. Other common nail problems are white spots, vertical lines (also known as splinter hemorrhages), bacterial infections, and ingrown toenails.

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This Just In

From Our Journals

 Splitting of the Nails
Journal of the Dermatology Nurses' Association, January/February 2018

 Changing Surface of the Thumbnail
Journal of the Dermatology Nurses' Association, May/June 2015

 Onychomycosis: Burden of Illness and Successful Treatment With a New Topical Antifungal 
Journal of the Dermatology Nurses' Association
September/October 2014

 Influence of Smoking on Wound Healing in Patients Undergoing Nail Matrix Phenolization: A Prospective Randomized Clinical Study 
Advances in Skin & Wound Care: The Journal for Prevention and Healing
May 2014 

 Putting onychomycosis under the microscope
The Nurse Practitioner: The American Journal of Primary Health Care
May 2014 

 Pachyonychia Congenita Project: A Partnership of Patient and Medical Professional
Journal of the Dermatology Nurses' Association
January 2013

 Topics in Progressive Care: NAILING a key assessment 
Nursing2010 Critical Care 
September 2010

 Common Nail Disorders and Fungal Infections 
Advances in Skin & Wound Care: The Journal for Prevention and Healing
June 2007

 Caring for the Foot: Mobile Holistic Foot and Nail Management
Holistic Nursing Practice
September/October 2005

On The Web

Medline Plus
American Academy of Dermatology 

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