Clinical Update: Malignant Melanoma

Malignant melanoma is the most serious form of skin cancer. It can arise on normal skin or from an existing mole. Risk factors for malignant melanoma include large amounts of exposure to natural or artificial sunlight, a fair complexion, a history of severe sunburns in youth, the presence of moles, and a family history of atypical nevi.
A helpful mnemonic to use when examining skin lesions and assessing for malignant melanoma is ABCDE:
A = Asymmetrical lesion
B = Border is irregular
C = Colors of lesion are multiple
D = Diameter of the lesion is greater than 0.5 cm
E = Elevated or Enlarging lesion
If not treated promptly, malignant melanoma can spread to other areas of the skin, the lymph nodes, and other organs. Treatment depends on the stage of the cancer and may include surgery, radiation, chemotherapy, and/or biologic therapy.
For more news and articles related to skin cancer, visit Clinical Update: Skin Cancer and Clinical Update: Skin Cancer Prevention.
*Access to CE articles is through Lippincott To return to the Skin Care Network from NursingCenter, click the Skin Care Network link under the Clinical Resources navigation button.
This Just In

From Our Journals

 31-Gene Expression Profile in Melanoma
Journal of the Dermatology Nurses' Association, July/September 2017

Journal of the Dermatology Nurses' Association, March/April 2017

 Cutaneous Melanoma: A Population Health Problem
Plastic Surgical Nursing
December 2015

 Recognizing melanoma: Diagnosis and treatment options
The Nurse Practitioner
April 2016

 Availability of Biopsy Site Documentation for Mohs Surgery
Journal of the Dermatology Nurses' Association
September/October 2015

 My Journey From Melanoma Patient to Melanoma Crusader
Journal of the Dermatology Nurses' Association 
March/April 2015

 Malignant Melanoma: Advances in Treatment 
Journal of the Dermatology Nurses' Association
May/June 2014

 Management of Fungating Tumors and Pressure Ulcers in a Patient With Stage IV Cutaneous Malignant Melanoma 
Journal of Hospice and Palliative Nursing
June 2014

 From Sun Addicted to Sun Savvy: Melanoma From a Patient’s Perspective
Journal of the Dermatology Nurses' Association
April 2014 

 Malignant Melanoma
Plastic Surgical Nursing
September 2011

May 2011

 Dermatology Dilemmas: Influencing melanoma prevention
The Nurse Practitioner: The American Journal of Primary Health Care
March 2011

 Caring for a patient with malignant melanoma
Nursing Made Incredibly Easy!
January/February 2011

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