1. Chao, Albert H. MD


Acellular dermal matrices (ADMs) are now commonly used in postmastectomy implant-based immediate breast reconstruction. In 2-stage reconstructions involving placement of a tissue expander followed by an implant, they can improve the aesthetic outcome and expedite the expansion process. The use of ADMs has also allowed for 1-stage immediate placement of an implant following mastectomy (direct-to-implant reconstruction). However, the use of ADMs is associated with an increased risk of certain types of complications. An understanding of the use of these materials is essential to the postoperative care of patients who undergo ADM-assisted breast reconstruction. In this article, the use of ADMs in postmastectomy immediate breast reconstruction is reviewed.