1. Zhu, Dongwan MS, RD
  2. Dwyer, Johanna T. DSc, RD
  3. Ouyang, Chung-Mei PhD, RD


Vast changes in demographics, income, and population health have led to an exponential increase in type 2 diabetes mellitus over the past 3 decades in China. This article discusses some type 2 diabetes mellitus risk factors such as genetics, obesity, and physical inactivity that are similar to those in other populations, coupled with other unique influences that may account for the high prevalence in China. They provide background for planning prevention measures.